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Aïtel, Fazia. We Are Imazighen: The Development of Algerian Berber Identity in Twentieth-Century Literature and Culture. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2014.


Boudraa, Nabil, and Joseph Krause. North African Mosaic: A Cultural Reappraisal of Ethnic and Religious Minorities. Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2007. 


Hoffman, Katherine E. "Administering Identities: State Decentralisation and Local Identification in Morocco." Journal of North African Studies. 5.3, 2000. 


Hoffman, Katherine E, and Susan G. Miller. Berbers and Others: Beyond Tribe and Nation in the Maghrib. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2010.


Maddy-Weitzman, Bruce. The Berber Identity Movement and the Challenge to North African States. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2011.


Rachid, Lhoussain, and M Ouakrime. The Memory Imprint: Amazigh Landmarks in the National Culture. Rabat: El Maârif Al Jadida, 2005. 


Shafiq, Muhammad. Lamḥah an thalathah wa-thalathina qarnan min tarikh al-Amazighiyin. Rabat, Morocco: Dar al-Kalam, 1989.


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